Vacant Home Tax Toronto: Addressing Property Vacancy in the City

In an effort to tackle the issue of property vacancy and ensure efficient use of housing stock, Toronto has introduced the Vacant Home Tax (VHT). 

This policy aims to incentivize homeowners to either occupy or rent out their properties, thereby increasing housing availability and affordability within the city.

Understanding the Vacant Home Tax

The Vacant Home Tax, also known as the Empty Homes Tax, is a measure implemented by municipalities to address the issue of properties left vacant for extended periods. 

In Toronto, the tax applies to residential properties that are not occupied by the property owner or a tenant for more than six months in a calendar year.

The Purpose and Goals

The primary goal of the Vacant Home Tax is to encourage property owners to put their vacant homes to productive use. By imposing a tax on vacant properties, the city aims to:

  • Increase Housing Supply: Vacant properties contribute to housing shortages and affordability challenges. By encouraging occupancy or rental of these properties, the VHT aims to increase the availability of housing options for residents.
  • Discourage Property Speculation: Vacant properties are often associated with speculative investment practices, which can drive up housing prices and limit affordability. The VHT aims to discourage such speculation by incentivizing active use of properties.
  • Generate Revenue for City Services: Revenue generated from the Vacant Home Tax can be reinvested into city services, such as affordable housing initiatives, infrastructure projects, and community development programs.

Implementation and Compliance

Property owners in Toronto are required to declare the occupancy status of their residential properties annually. Failure to declare or inaccurately reporting the occupancy status may result in penalties. The City of Toronto conducts audits and enforcement measures to ensure compliance with the Vacant Home Tax regulations.

Impact on Homeowners

While the Vacant Home Tax imposes additional financial obligations on property owners, it also provides an opportunity for them to contribute positively to the community. By either occupying their properties themselves or renting them out to tenants, homeowners can help alleviate housing shortages and support the city’s efforts to improve affordability.


The Vacant Home Tax in Toronto represents a proactive approach to addressing property vacancy and housing affordability challenges. By incentivizing property owners to utilize their vacant properties effectively, the city aims to create a more vibrant and inclusive housing market. 

While implementation may pose challenges for some homeowners, the long-term benefits of increased housing availability and affordability are expected to outweigh the initial adjustments. Through collaborative efforts between government, homeowners, and stakeholders, the Vacant Home Tax can play a significant role in shaping the future of housing in Toronto.